Tag Archives: mental health

NIMBY 101

In 2007, the City of Toronto approved the development of a 29 unit apartment building.

This was an as-of-right proposal – no re-zoning was required. No public consultations should have been required. The project met all municipal planning requirements. The approval process should have been relatively simple, right? Nope.

The problem, it seemed, was who was going to live there. The 29 units would be rented to low income individuals living with mental illness.

Some residents didn’t want people with mental illness moving into their neighbourhood. At a city meeting, they asked questions such as, “What kind of illnesses do these people have? What safety measures have been put in place?” The residents urged the city to delay approving the development so there could be more consultation with community members.

A term for this is “people zoning”. The other is discrimination.

People living with mental illness have the right to live wherever they want – and Canadian laws protect this right. Residents cannot decide who can and cannot live in their neighbourhood. Otherwise we have, as the Chief Commissioner of the Ontario Human Rights Commission said in a letter to the Toronto Star on this issue, “the tyranny of the majority.”

Fortunately the City of Toronto recognized this and allowed the development to proceed.

In its comments on the decision, the HomeComing Community Choice Coalition – a group that advocates for the provision of supportive housing for people with mental illness – stated:

In making this decision City Council took a principled stand for human rights. Many councillors said emphatically that people do not get to choose their neighbours. Several councillors made specific references to the human right of people to live in communities of their choice without discrimination on the basis of disability. Others spoke of their own experiences where neighbours were initially concerned and yet, after the housing was complete, there have been no issues. Several councillors spoke of their past, positive experiences with the private developer Mahogany Investments/Alternative Living Solutions and with Houselink, who will be providing support services.

Three years later, the building is ready for occupancy.

But NIMBY continues. On the hoarding around the building there is graffiti calling the local councillor who supported the development a “traitor.” A candidate in the upcoming municipal election sent around a flyer saying that residents have a right to be angry about the supportive housing development in their neighbourhood, that they were not given a fair opportunity to express their concerns.

And which concerns were these? – their concerns about having to live near low income people with mental illnesses.

Congratulations to the City for doing the right thing and standing up for human rights.

For more information on NIMBY, check out the website of the HomeComing Community Choice Coalition.

tenancy and mental health

If rental arrears are the most common reason for eviction, they can also be relatively simple problems to solve.  Payment plans, often with assistance from the Rent Bank or Community Start-Up benefits, can help reduce an eviction notice to basic arithmetic.

Things get murkier when evictions fall under the N5 rubric.  Interference with reasonable enjoyment, safety, even some criminal offences cannot always be explained as “bad behaviour”.  Very often, these offending tenants are suffering from some form of mental illness.  Mental illness itself is difficult to define.  It can range anywhere from anxiety to clinically-diagnosed schizophrenia, but the fact remains that such an illness can be serious enough to interfere with tenancy.  This is a significant challenge not just for tenants and their support systems, but also for landlords.  No one expects a property manager or superintendent to be well-versed in social work.

More and more at CERA, we find ourselves mediating between troubled tenants, overwhelmed landlords and other community supports.  This is a role for which CERA is particularly well-suited; we are a small organization and can adapt easily to whatever need arises.  And it seems the need has never been greater.